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Molluscum contagiosum
Molluscum contagiosum

Molluscum contagiosum developed as a result of infection of human skin by a virus. Following entry of the virus on the surface of the skin developed one or more small white or transparent sacs called molluscum contagiosum. Infection is underway and is benign self-limiting, ie possibly spontaneous disappearance without a cure. This disease has long been considered a characteristic of childhood, but in recent years the growth in adults infected with molluscum contagiosum virus sexually. That is why this infection is seen in the group of sexually transmitted infections.

How are transmitted molluscum contagiosum?
    - In adults most often infected with molluscum contagiosum is a sexually
    - Possible transmission of the virus through objects such as. towels and clothes that have been in contact with infected skin
    - It is possible to make so-called. Auto-inoculation - when a man with his hands carry the virus from infected to other skin areas that have not been affected.


How long after infection molluscum appear?

The period between infection and the appearance of molluscum skin is called the incubation period. It took an average of 2 to 3 months, ranging from 1 week to 6 months or even a year.
What are the manifestations of molluscum contagiosum?

Molluscum contagiosum have the appearance of tiny bubbles or nodules filled with clear or whitish fluid with slight depression in the middle part. They appear several weeks after the virus from entering the skin. For a period of one to several weeks, they increased in size and their surface is observed centrally located, like the crater of a volcano pitting. Their color is usually the same as the color of the surrounding skin, but may be pink or brownish. Usually the affected person does not have symptoms, and often not even noticed the appearance of molluscum.

Rarely may appear mild itching or tenderness around the molluscum.

Molluscum left untreated tend to disappear, but it is possible, and rapid growth in number and size.

The most common characteristic skin rash in adults are placed in external genitalia, buttocks, groin and lower abdomen. Less can be observed in the anus. Skin changes in children most often found on the neck, face and hands.


        How is it diagnosed?

     



Diagnosis is based on the typical appearance of skin rash, ie only by examination. If you wish to confirm the diagnosis it is possible to take a biopsy of the skin changes.

How to treat molluscum contagiosum?

Although the disease is naturally self-limiting and self healing is desirable course of treatment in the establishment of molluscs living on the surface of the skin of the child or adult. This treatment reduces the risk of transmission to sexual partners and the transmission of molluscum on other skin areas.

Molluscum can be removed by:
- surgically - by removing them from the surface of the skin with a surgical instrument called a "curette"

- by chemical agents, leading to their destruction - drug spreads on skin

- by liquid nitrogen.


How can I prevent infection with the virus of molluscum contagiosum?

The best way to prevent infection is to abstain from sexual contact with a partner with visible molluscs living skin
Using a condom is not effective enough to prevent this infection, unlike most sexually transmitted infections.
Mutual monogamy - sex with only one partner who is not infected with the virus, is a sure way to prevent infection with the virus of molluscum contagiosum.
Avoid touching the molluscum and then touching another part of your body without first you wash your hands. Otherwise able to transmit the infection to another area.

If you find that you have molluscum contagiosum is better to tell your partner. It is important that he / she should consult with a specialist dermato-venereology and if necessary to carry out the recommended treatment. In the event that only one of the partners held a treatment is possible after successful completion it be re-infected by untreated partner.



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